To address these issues, the Brazilian Government makes use of several legal norms, such as the Forest Code. The Code calls for setting aside per cent of the area of each rural property for the preservation of native forest and it underpins the Brazilian intended Nationally Determined Contribution iNDC of restoring 12 million hectares of forests set out at the twenty-first meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Even with all the legal requirements, which also include mitigation projects and offset compensation, Brazil is seeing a growth in voluntary restoration efforts by businesses.
Several companies are currently collaborating on natural infrastructure development, payment for ecosystem services and carbon-neutrality projects, all using restoration as a tool. The results of these projects are practical and, in addition to the traditional environmental and social impacts, they have clear operational benefits for businesses. This agenda is being advanced through risk and dependency analysis, operational security, new business opportunities, financial and investment requirements and by a positive socio environmental agenda.
The time is ripe for mobilizing and engaging business in conservation and restoration projects, especially when the multiple benefits of this agenda are linked to climate change and water issues. In recent years, the private sector has developed a series of improvements in their business focusing on efficiency and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
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However, despite of these efforts, cli- mate change continues to be an ongoing process, a new reality that forces the private sector to adapt constantly to the environmental risks, but it also allows the more engaged companies to adapt and explore new opportunities and it is even becoming a competition advantage. According to the Brazilian Panel on Climate Change, several regions of Brazil have seen shifts on temperature and rainfall patterns, for instance, the Amazon savannization of the Amazon, heavy rainfall and floods in the south and south-east of the country and drought in north and north-east that affects, for example, hydroelectricity generation.
If no investment is made to conserve and restore the natural capital, impacts on businesses may force them to change composition of products, relocate facilities and face conflicts of interest with local society. Fortunately, several companies are realizing how much they depend on nature and are transforming the established relationship. The Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development CEBDS , part of the global network of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, is responsible for supporting and connecting the private sector with the best and more advanced concepts, projects, cases and solutions for improving sustainability and the existing relationship between business and nature.
This article focuses on the current status of the restoration scenario in Brazil and what is being done by the private sector in his regard.
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To illustrate restoration and biodiversity conservation efforts, some initiatives that being promoted by large companies in Brazil will be presented. Brazil is the fifth-largest country in the world and holds the major part of the largest forest, the Amazon rain- forest, which includes the greatest amount of biodiversity in the world.
Forest cover Currently, the most challenging issue in Brazil, in terms of climate change and environment is deforestation, the result mainly of land use changes for agriculture and cattle ranching. From , the agricultural sector has undergone a boom, with scaled up investments that turned Brazil into the largest food producer and exporter of raw materials in the world.
Much will need to be done to address this challenge. Then, there will be the need to increase and provide incentives for the development of native forest nurseries to meet the demand for young plants, among other complementary actions. One of the most important environmental legal norms in Brazil is the Forest Code. With a first version dating from , the norm was revisited and relaunched in The size of area preserved is variable and depends on factors such as the type of ecosystem, the width of the river, the presence of a water spring, etc.
As an example, for a river 10 metres wide must have at least 30 metres of forest throughout its length.
Therefore, effective implementation is essential. Once that is assured, an area of about An example of government support is the development of a plan to help fund this restoration, as in fact is the purpose of the National Native Vegetation Recovery Plan Planaveg. It was instituted in Brazil in , with the intention of mitigating climate change by combating illegal deforestation. Subsequently, its scope was amplified to include restoration and other actions.
Likewise, PES is an economic incentive that includes payments beyond carbon and focuses on ecosystems services. It is also worth noting that, besides the environment impact, these measures can provide an income supplement, especially for smallholders and native people, thus generating a positive social impact.
The business of biodiversity | Nature
What do companies have to do with biodiversity and how should they get involved? Aleph was awarded for its efforts on sustainable sourcing of rice, which reduced use of agrochemicals and contributed positively to biodiversity. In India, spices are cultivated in important biodiversity hotspots. However, changes in cultivation practices endanger both the productive base and biodiversity. So far, plant species have developed there and around 90 species of wild bees have settled there. Positive Impact Finance involves comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the environmental, social, and economic impacts positive and negative of corporate activities, and the provision of loans to support these activities on an ongoing basis.
Some of the first and successful entrepreneurial pioneers in biodiversity-friendly production and marketing are already active — in the production of spices in India, for example, and in the cultivation, harvesting and processing of agaves in Mexico.
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The end of September saw over delegates from 66 countries gather at the tip of the African continent for the 8th International conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration SER. With representatives from academia, non-governmental organisations, local government agencies, business and the United Nations, the focus was very much on restoring land, water and community resilience, and laying the path towards the UN decade on ecosystem restoration, which starts in Building on a developing partnership with SER, HeidelbergCement was proud to sponsor the international conference for a second time.
The event is co-organized by the European B B Platform.
Why biodiversity matters for business
It underlines that nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history. Companies are increasingly being obliged to consider these issues in their business models, decisions, sourcing, and production methods. Managing biodiversity is, therefore, a way to manage risk.
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The consequences of biodiversity degradation and loss can lead to higher input cost or the disruption of key elements of a value chain. Biodiversity is also increasingly being considered by governments, with a resulting increase in regulation. The case studies you can find on this website are real-life examples of businesses taking action and creating a beneficial impact to the environment and, possibly, to their bottom line.
The tools and mechanisms listed here will guide you to take action. If you have case studies and tools to share, please contact: business cbd. There are currently 21 national and regional initiatives working on engaging business on biodiversity, whether in the form of training, workshops, developing tools or influencing policy.